Forests are one of the most important things in our world. We need the trees to produce our oxygen, and give us fruits and vegetables to eat. If forests are removed, it the impact would throw humanity and all life off its course and possibly into jeopardy. We rely on trees for our houses, furniture, fire, fuel, and timber. Deforestation is the act in which commonality exterminates forests and agricultural area to make use of the area in which the forest used to be, or was . The question that remains permanently etched in most of our minds is the following; "Why do people destroy forests just for their personal needs?". Well, the fact is that not only is deforestation for your personal needs, it is for the world's needs, and for the economy.
KEY REASONS FOR DEFORESTATION
There are many reasons and conditions under which deforestation occurs. First off, I will point out the most important reasons. In the overview, I mentioned that people need deforestation. Trees and charcoal is used to create fuel and timber, and are sold and used. Tree logs and branches help create furniture and houses.The cleared land is used for agricultural methods and livestock. Population growth, overpopulation, city development, and globalization, all contribute to economical growth. Importing and exporting wood cut from forests all help the economy financially, not including the usefulness of the wood itself. The forests themselves do not cost any money, so basically the government gets money and the luxury of wooden furniture, fuel, and timber for free, or for a very little amount of money. Other complicated economical reasons include trade, political, industrialization, institutionalization, cultural, environmental, and health. I am not going to go much into advanced details on every reason, but there you have it in a nutshell.
LONG TERM EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION
Alright, so I have been talking about some of the benefits of deforestation according to the information I have been giving above, so let's talk about some of the negative impacts it has on the world and economy.
Recently, deforestation has boosted up the surface temperatures of the earth in higher latitudes, and compressed the vaporization, causing the greenhouse gas effect. Chart 1 in the Graphs/Tables section compares temperature increase for the past 1000 years, and 140 years. In lower latitudes, however, the exact opposite happens.To see what would happen to the climate if deforestation happened at a continental rate in lower latitudes compared to higher latitudes, have a look at Chart 2 in Graphs/Tables. As you can see for yourself, according to the experiment, deforestation in lower latitudes decreases surface temperature, and in higher latitudes the sea ice is melting. We talk about global warming, and that decreasing temperature is better than increasing, but the climate decreasing is not a good thing. If it continues, obvious causes would lead to animal and plant death. Also, the THC(thermohaline ocean circulation), gets stronger and extreme, and over time this will lead to the freezing of the Nordic Seas. Alternately, the sea-ice area in the southern hemisphere will melt away, increasing sea levels and causing natural disasters. Other things that deforestation encourages is flooding, since there are no trees to aid and control the water, leading to flood damage. The soil of the land where the deforestation happened would be washed away, leaving it incapable of being used as agricultural area, or as another source. Since deforestation destroys trees, a renewable energy source, we are loosing what is very important to the economy, and loosing a revenue in millions of dollars. That should give you an idea of what kind of an economical impact and natural impact we are facing.